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Growing Peppers Part 1 - Types and Varieties

Proper garden planning is essential when growing peppers. The first step is determining your pepper needs. Decide whether you want to grow sweet peppers or hot peppers. Peppers have a wide range of uses from fresh eating and frying to stuffing, pickling, and more. It’s up to you to determine how you intend to use the pepper plants you grow. Jung Seeds sells a variety of pepper plants including both sweet and hot peppers. If you’re interested in a wilder or greater variety you may need to start from pepper seed versus a pepper plant. Jung Seed’s offers both pepper plants and pepper seeds to get started growing peppers.

Getting to know pepper types and varieties:

Sweet Pepper Types:

Sweet bell peppers are the most popular and familiar type of pepper. Sweet peppers are great for slicing, roasting, and stuffing. You can find green, yellow, and red bell peppers at most grocery stores- however growing your own pepper plants provides you with a fresher, more affordable, steady supply of peppers. Some grocery stores even list yellow bell peppers and red bell peppers as “gourmet” and charge higher prices for them, when they are in fact just green bell peppers allowed adequate time to fully mature. Sweet peppers can come in a variety of colors including purple, brown, yellow, orange, and creamy white as well as the common green, yellow and red peppers. Sweet pepper plants also range in shapes other than the bell pepper, from long frying pepper types to small cherry pepper varieties and the pickling types. Jung Seeds has a variety of sweet pepper plants on special right now. Check out our Pepper and Tomato Plants Special now including our Gourmet Pepper Plants , Margarets Pepper Plants , and more.

Warm – Hot Pepper Types:

In the past, on the most daring would spice up dishes with more than a few peppercorn flakes. Now, the acceptance of spicy peppers and foods has gotten hotter, even surpassing the habanero pepper. This is in part credited to the increasing influence of ethnic cultures on our traditional American Cuisine. Mexican, Thai, Korean, and Chinese food, to name a few, have gained wide spread popularity. They all depend on the Chile pepper and other hot peppers to turn up the heat and keep their “hot” dishes at their best.

More colorful, hot-to-the-taste Chile pepper varieties have become more common in the home pepper garden, and have earned more respect in the kitchen as well. Those who are unfamiliar with the fiery world of Chile peppers may think all Chile peppers and hot peppers are very similar or the same. On the contrary, Chile peppers and hot peppers offer a full taste spectrum and a varied heat spectrum (which is a different sensation than taste). It is important to be aware of pepper growing conditions, and know things such as soil quality, moisture, and air temperature can influence the “hotness” of a pepper. You can easily find the right variety to bring the perfect degree of heat to your specialty dishes with Jung Seeds wide selection of hot pepper plants and pepper seeds such as the Hot Pepper Collection .

Pepper Varieties from sweet and mild to hot:

Sweet bell peppers tend to be the most popular pepper plants, and offer little to no “heat” and are sweet and perfect for stuffed peppers and slicing. Jung offers bell pepper plants and pepper seeds in a wide variety. Our King Arthur Hybrid Pepper plant is currently on special along with other pepper plants and tomato plants.

Next we have the lesser or least hot Chile pepper varieties. These include peppers such as Anaheim Chile peppers (also known as New Mexican or Colorado Chiles) and Anchos peppers (also known as Poblanos peppers). Anaheim Chile peppers, such as our Biggie Chile Hybrid Pepper are long, green or red Chile peppers that are mildly hot. The meaty, thick-walled pods of these mild peppers get sweeter, hotter, and redder as they ripen. Anchos peppers, such as our Ancho San Martin Hybrid Pepper are mild Chile peppers good for roasting.

Medium-hot Jalapeno peppers tend to be favored as they are the middle-of-the-road type Chile peppers. Jalapenos are often not too hot and not too mild, such as our Mucho Nacho Hybrid Pepper . Chipotles and Serrano Chile peppers such as our Serrano Del Sol Hybrid Pepper are also the perfect medium-hot mix.  

Both red and gold type Cayenne peppers are very pungent, hot peppers. Small Cayenne pepper plants produce high yields, and are perfect for adding heat to any dish. See Jung Seed’s Cayenetta Hybrid Pepper , featured in our 2012 All-American Winner’s Collection mix .

Habanero peppers often have the reputation of being the hottest type of Chile pepper in the world, although Thai Hot and Chiltepin pepper varieties can be even hotter. Orange Scotch Bonnet Habaneros are one of our many favorites. Jung Seed’s offers a variety of hot peppers including our Chiltepin-type Red Peter Hot Pepper Plants , and our varied Hot Pepper Mix .

Jung Seeds offers a wide selection of pepper plants and pepper seeds for growing peppers at home. Shop our various pepper plants and pepper seeds today.

For more information about growing peppers, continue to Growing Peppers Part 2- Container Gardening, Seeding, and Growing on.

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