Growing Almonds

 

Growing Almonds

Oracle Ukranian Almond

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Description

Hardy trees with attractive flowers and edible nuts. Usually grown in mild climates like California, Ukrainian varieties from the Nikita Botanic Garden are late-blooming and hardy enough to grow in cold climates. Nuts are eaten fresh, roasted, and used in baking. Somewhat self-fertile, but produce better when two varieties are planted together. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall at maturity, and begins producing about 3 years after planting. Hardy in zones 5 to 8.

How to Plant

Plant bare root Almonds in spring 4 to 8 weeks before the last frost. Prepare a planting hole 12 to 18 inches wide and deep and mix in compost or other organic matter. Plant with the roots as deep as when grown in the nursery.

Maintenance

Best in full sun, but tolerates part shade, and prefers climates with warm, dry summers. Plant in well-drained soil. Requires annual pruning in winter for good vigor and production. Usually pruned to have open centers, removing overlapping branches, dead wood, and water sprouts. Late-flowering Ukrainian varieties usually do not suffer damage from spring frosts.

Fertilizer Recommendations

Use full rates of Gromax Fertilizer Tablets 20-10-5, ALGOplus All-Purpose Liquid Fertilizer 6-6-6, or Neptune Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer 2-3-1.

Common Problems

Suffers from a number of potential problems and may benefit from preventative spray. Aphids, borers, caterpillars, Japanese beetles, scale, mites, leaf spot, powdery mildew, cankers, black knot and verticillium wilt can affect plants.

Alternative Products

Other hardy nut trees include Pecan, Filbert, and Walnut

Complimentary Products

Moderate feeders that benefit from regular fertilization. Almond is related to fruiting Apricot, Peach, and Plum trees. 

Product Recommendations

Use All Seasons Spray Oil to reduce overwintering of pests. Serenade Garden Disease Control can be used for disease control.

Almond Facts

Almonds have been grown for thousands of years and were likely one of the first domesticated nut trees.

 

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