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Growing Beans

Growing Beans

Nikki Green Bush Beans

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An easy-to-grow, nutritious vegetable crop available in multiple forms and habits. Different types are eaten fresh, cooked, or dried for use in soups and chili. Climbing types include Pole Beans, Runner Beans (which are also attractive ornamentals), and Lima Beans. Forms with a compact habit include Bush Beans, Dry or Shell Beans, Fillet Beans, and Soybeans. Compact types produce a concentrated, but smaller harvest than climbing types. Climbing types should be grown on a trellis or other support. All should be direct sown in the garden after the last spring frost and covered with ½ to 1 inch of soil. Climbing varieties are usually seeded in groups in hills 3 to 5 feet apart. Compact types are sown 2 to 4 inches apart in rows, with rows spaced 12 to 18 inches apart. A single packet is 1 ¾ ounces of seed and plants about 20 feet of row, while a pound of seed plants 150 feet. Seed can be soaked overnight in warm water before planting to enhance germination.

Maintenance

For full sun in moist, well-drained soil. Bush Green Beans can be sown every 2 to 3 weeks for a continued harvest. More productive when seed is treated with an inoculant that allows Bean plants to fix nitrogen from the air.

Fertilizer Recommendations

Use low rates of Algoflash All-Purpose Liquid Fertilizer 6-6-6 (51085), Natures Source Plant Food Concentrate 10-4-3 (51012), or Neptune Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer 2-3-1 (51221).

Alternative Products

Peas and Hyacinth Bean are similar vegetables. Climbing types of Beans are sometimes planted with Corn so the vines can climb the stalks.

Complimentary Products

If inoculated, Beans are light feeders that need occasional fertilization. Benefits from additional fertilization when not inoculated. Use Royal Peat Natures Aid Inoculant (51274) to treat seed before planting to ensure bean plants can fix nitrogen. Use 70% Neem Oil (50340) or Safer Insecticidal Soap (50424) to treat insect pests.

Product Recommendations

Climbing types of Beans can be supported with a Bean And Pea Tower (53328). 

Bean Facts

Generally easy-to-grow and trouble free. Aphids, Bean beetles, and whitefly are occasional pests. Beans were one of the staple crops grown together with Corn and Squash by some Native American tribes.

Growing Tips