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Growing Cucumbers

Growing Cucumbers

H-19 Little Leaf Cucumber



Cucumbers are very productive, easy-to-grow vegetables. They are available in both compact bush forms and vigorous vining types.  Cucumbers form separate male and female flowers on each plant. Only the female flowers will produce cucumber fruit.

For more information on the different types of cucumbers and terminology used to describe them, see our Understanding Cucumbers article.

How To Grow

All types of cucumbers can be sown directly in the garden after the last spring frost. They can also be started indoors 3 to 4 weeks earlier for faster production. Cover seed with an inch of soil.

If grown in rows, space plants 8 to 12 inches apart with 3 feet between rows. Can also sow 5 or 6 seeds in hills spaced 4 to 5 feet apart, thinning to the 3 strongest plants.

Growing on a fence or trellis makes harvesting easier and helps ensure fruit grows straight. Bush varieties are excellent planted in large containers or hanging baskets.


Plant cucumbers in full sun in fertile, moist, well-drained soil. Vines are self-climbing and have grasping tendrils that makes them easy-to-grow on trellises. Ensure that fruit is picked regularly to keep plants bearing strongly.

Fertilizer Recommendations

Cucumbers are heavy feeders that benefit from regular fertilization. Use full rates of ALGOplus Tomato 4-6-8 liquid fertilizer or Neptune Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer 2-3-1.

Common Problems

Cucumbers are usually not seriously troubled by serious pest or disease problems. Aphids, cucumber beetles, mites, pickleworms sometimes attack plants. Diseases like bacterial wilt, downy mildew, and powdery mildew may occur.

Alternative Products

Pumpkins, winter squash, and melons are other vining crops.

Product Recommendations

Use Super Size Jiffy-7 Plant Starters or 2 ¼" Round Jiffy Peat Pots to minimize transplant stress when seed is started indoors. Bean And Pea Netting can be used to create trellises. Use Captain Jack's Deadbug Brew to control insect pests and 70% neem oil to combat diseases.

Cucumber Facts

Cucumbers originated in India and have been grown for at least 3,000 years.


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Growing Tips