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Growing Lily of the Valley

Growing Lily of the Valley

White Lily of the Valley


Popular, old fashioned plants with tulip-like foliage, a spreading habit, and spikes of very fragrant, bell-shaped flowers in spring. Hardy in zones 4 to 9. Flower make excellent cuts. A good groundcover for shady areas and under trees. Plant bare root "pips" in spring 4 to 8 weeks before the last frost with the pointed end up and about an inch below the soil surface. Make sure the roots are spread evenly before covering with soil. Space pips 12 to 15 inches apart. 


Easy-to-grow and low-maintenance plants for part shade to full shade. Prefers moist, fertile soil and tolerates heavy clay soils. Lily of the Valley can be propagated by dividing clumps in spring or fall. Plantings can be thinned when flowering declines to renew vigor.

Fertilizer Recommendations

Use low rates of Algoflash Flowering Plant 4-6-7 Liquid Fertilizer (51087), Neptune Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer 2-3-1 (51221), or Osmocote 14-14-14 (51173).

Alternative Products

Other low-growing perennials for shaded conditions include Astilbe, Dutchman's Breeches (14708), and Luxuriant Dwarf Bleeding Heart (11416).

Complimentary Products

Low to moderate feeders that benefit from spring fertilization. Good in combination with shade-tolerant foliage plants like Hosta and Ferns.

Lily of the Valley Facts

Rarely bothered by pests or problems. Stem rot and leaf spot occasionally occur. Resistant to rabbit and deer damage. Occasionally produces red berries. All parts of the plant are poisonous if eaten.  

Growing Tips