Checklist for Germination Troubles

Checklist for Germination Troubles

Have you ever wondered why your seeds failed to grow or seedlings fail to grow well? Whether it's planting seeds too deeply, excessive watering, or too cool of temperature, seeds fail to germinate for many reasons that often surrounding the sowing conditions. Here’s a handy list of common problems with seed germination.

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  1. Adequate Moisture – Seeds need a uniform supply of moisture during germination and seedling development, but excessive amounts can be harmful. Keep the media evenly moist while seed is germinating.
  2. Correct Temperature – Most plants need 65 to 75 degrees F to sprout although some will vary. Check the requirements for individual plants.
  3. Depth of planting – Small seeds are frequently covered too deep. Very small seeds need little or no covering. Air is as essential as heat and moisture for germination.
  4. Insects – Small, tender seedlings are easily destroyed by insects and need to be protected from them.
  5. Damping off – Seedlings grown indoors are subject to damping off. This disease is primarily caused by overwatering, as saturated growing media greatly reduces oxygen available to roots. Poor air circulation can also contribute to seedling diseases. Damping off can be recognized as the rot and collapse of seedlings at ground level. Although damping off is a fungal disease, it is primarily a cultural problem caused by keeping the growing media too wet.
  6. Growing Conditions – When the seeds sprout, move them to a spot where temperatures are moderate. Most vigorous plants are usually grown at about 60 to 65 degrees F. Plants need 14 to 16 hours of  sunlight or artificial light to ensure that they grow well and do not become spindly.

 

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