Ukrainian Almond Trees Care At A Glance
- Require proper cross-pollination to produce nuts. Plant two different varieties.
- Almonds reach maturity to bear in 3-5 years from planting.
- Require well-drained, organically rich soil.
- Late frosts may damage blooms and limit nut production.
Follow the same planting instructions, as you would for other bareroot trees.
- Amend existing soil appropriately with organic material to help improve drainage.
- Soak roots for 8-24 hours prior to planting.
- Tip prune the top of the main leader by 1/3 to 1/2, immediately after planting.
- With clean pruners, cut at a slight angle, just above a visible bud.
- New nut trees should get 2 inches of water per week for the first growing season.
- 2 inches of water equates to about 5-7 gallons every 2-3 days.
- Remove competitive grass & weeds to form a 3-4 feet tree well and add 2-3 inches of compost or mulch.
- Cage or wrap tree trunks to prevent predation from deer or rodents.
NOTE: Proper drainage is critical for fruit-bearing trees to do well long-term. Do not use potting soil.
NOTE: While the graft must stay above the natural soil grade, nut trees should be planted in shallow basins to help hold water and to collect beneficial rainfall when it occurs.
NOTE: DO NOT rely solely on rain events to provide enough moisture to newly planted trees.
- Ukrainian almond trees are suitable for growing in USDA zones 5-8.
- Similar to peaches, almonds perform best in warm, protected locations away from strong winds and out of low-lying areas where cold air sinks.
- Ukrainian almonds trees grow at a moderate rate to about 15 or 20 feet high and wide.
NOTE: Areas prone to regular, late spring frosts are not suitable for high-yield nut production.
- Late blooming with fruits ripening around September.
- Produce med-large, sweet, semi-soft-shelled nuts.
- Plant with Oracle™ or with other seedlings or cultivar almonds.
- Late blooming, earlier ripening with sweet, semi-soft-shelled nuts.
- Plant with Bounty™, seedling, or cultivar almonds.
Prune as needed starting the second year after planting, while trees are dormant in late winter to early spring. Follow basic fruit tree pruning techniques.