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Growing Monarda

Growing Monarda

Fireball Dwarf Monarda


Hardy perennials with fragrant foliage and whorls of tubular flowers that are very attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Available in a range of colors and heights. Good for massing, rain gardens, and as a cut flower. Plants are hardy in zones 4 to 8. Plant outdoors after the danger of frost has passed in spring with the roots slightly deeper than when grown in the pot.


For full sun to part shade in moist, well-drained soil. Prefers fertile soils with good organic matter content. Tolerates wet soil and being grown near Black Walnut trees. Removing some stems in spring improves air flow and can reduce disease problems.

Fertilizer Recommendations

Use full rates of Algoflash Flowering Plant 4-6-7 Liquid Fertilizer (51087), Neptune Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer 2-3-1 (51221), or Osmocote 14-14-14 (51173).

Alternative Products

Other hardy perennials that attract butterflies include Echinacea, Phlox, and Rudbeckia.

Complimentary Products

Monarda is a moderate feeder that benefits from regular fertilization. Other perennials that tolerate wet soils are Cardinal Lobelia (13092), Hibiscus, and Rocket Ligularia (13050). 

Product Recommendations

Other perennials with fragrant foliage used in herbal teas include new Anise Hyssop (02418) and Lemon Balm (02425).

Monarda Facts

Powdery mildew and rust can attack plants, especially in overly dry conditions. Planting mildew resistant varieties reduces problems. Garden Monarda hybrids were developed from North American native species. Leaves are sometimes used in herbal teas.

Growing Tips